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Smallest Nanoantennas For High-speed Data Networks

Smallest Nanoantennas For High-speed Data Networks

More than 120 years after the discovery of the electromagnetic character of radio waves by Heinrich Hertz, wireless data transmission dominates information technology.

Higher and higher radio frequencies are applied to transmit more data within shorter periods of time.

Some years ago, scientists found that light waves might also be used for radio transmission. So far, however, manufacture of the small antennas has required an enormous expenditure. KIT scientists have now succeeded for the first time in specifically and reproducibly manufacturing smallest optical nanoantennas from gold.

In 1887, Heinrich Hertz discovered the electromagnetic waves at the former Technical College of Karlsruhe, the predecessor of Universitšt Karlsruhe (TH).

Specific and directed generation of electromagnetic radiation allows for the transmission of information from a place A to a remote location B. The key component in this transmission is a dipole antenna on the transmission side and on the reception side.

Today, this technology is applied in many areas of everyday life, for instance, in mobile radio communication or satellite reception of broadcasting programs. Communication between the transmitter and receiver reaches highest efficiency, if the total length of the dipole antennas corresponds to about half of the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave.

Nano dipole antennas

"Nano dipole antennas under the microscope: The colors reflect the different trans-mission frequencies. (Credit: Photo by LTI)"

Source: Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres

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