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Electric Field Propels Worms To Test New Drugs

Electric Field Propels Worms To Test New Drugs

A Nobel-winning process for testing new drugs to treat diseases such as Huntington's, Parkinson's, and muscular dystrophy is getting an electrical charge.

Researchers at McMaster University have developed a way to propel and direct microscopic-sized worms (C. elegans nematodes) along a narrow channel using a mild electric field.

The discovery opens up significant possibilities for developing high-throughput micro-screening devices for drug discovery and other applications.

"This is the first time that worms have been stimulated to move in a micro-channel device in a very precise and directed way," said Bhagwati Gupta, assistant professor of biology. "It will allow researchers to study in real time how a proposed drug affects neurons and muscles that control motion of a live specimen."

The research is described in the January 21, 2010 issue of Lab on a Chip, a leading international journal in the field of nanotechnology and bioengineering. The researchers demonstrate movement of the worms forward and in reverse inside a microchannel, guided by the direction of the electric field (electrotaxis).

"The electrotaxis of the worms has the potential to automate what is currently a slow, manual process for drug screening on worms," said Ravi Selvaganapathy, assistant professor of mechanical engineering. "The system is fairly easy and inexpensive to scale up to conduct rapid screening of tens of thousands of chemicals in worms to identify drug candidates in a cost-effective manner. Such discovery could accelerate clinical trials in people by allowing scientists to focus only on relevant drugs and would use limited resources more efficiently."

Currently, researchers observe worms individually under a microscope as they move in a random manner or in a direction forced by pressure. The new development retains a worm's natural motion and causes no harm to the worm.

A surprising observation was that the response of the worms was dependent on its age and neuronal development. This allows for large numbers of worms to be sorted and handled in an automated manner.

The findings promise to impact other research areas as well. It will allow researchers to study how neurons respond to electricity. It can also be used to fabricate new kinds of devices to handle and manipulate large numbers of worms.


"(a) The application of +8 V cm-1 electric field (E) caused an animal (724 Ám long) to move with the speed of 308 Ám s-1 to the right towards the cathode. (b) At a lower field strength in a reverse direction (-3 V cm-1) the animal (847.5 Ám long) moved with a speed of 342 Ám s-1 to the left towards the cathode. Dark thick arrows illustrate the worm's position. Scale bars are 1 mm. (Credit: McMaster University)"

Source: McMaster University

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