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Wild Bees And The Flowers They Pollinate Are Disappearing Together - The diversity of bees and of the flowers they pollinate, has declined significantly in Britain and the Netherlands over the last 25 years according to research led by the University of Leeds and published in Science this Friday (21 July 2006). July 22, 2006

Neandertal Genome To Be Deciphered - The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, and 454 Life Sciences Corporation, in Branford, Connecticut, have announced an ambitious plan to complete a first draft of the Neandertal genome within the next two years. July 21, 2006

Figuring Out Function From Bacteria's Bewildering Forms - The constellation of shapes and sizes among bacteria is as remarkable as it is mysterious. Why should Spirochaeta halophila resemble a bedspring coil, Stella a star and Clostridium cocleatum a partly eaten donut? No one really knows. July 20, 2006

Molecular DNA Switch Found To Be The Same For All Life - The molecular machinery that starts the process by which a biological cell divides into two identical daughter cells apparently worked so well early on that evolution has conserved it across the eons in all forms of life on Earth. July 19, 2006

School's In Session For Meerkats - Most learning in the animal kingdom seems to take place passively, for example by watching what other members of the species are doing. July 18, 2006

Paleontologists Establish First Age Distribution of Non-Avian Dinosaur Population - For the first time, scientists have established the age structure of a non-avian dinosaur population. Using this information, they inferred which factors led to survival or death of group members. July 17, 2006

Beekeepers Work Hard For The Honey, Despite Changing Tupelo Forest - It's tupelo honey, a honey so distinct, light and smooth that people describe it as they would a fine wine. But the future of tupelo honey production may not be so sweet. July 16, 2006

Bacteria Give Up Secrets In War Waged On Plants - The secret weapon of bacteria - the way they get a foothold in plants to launch an invasion - is less of a secret, according to research published this week by Michigan State University scientists. July 15, 2006

Study Shows That Parasites Form The Thread Of Food Webs - Scientists have discovered that parasites are suprisingly important in food webs and their findings appear in a report published this week in the Early Edition ... July 14, 2006

How Parachute Spiders Invade New Territory - Researchers have developed a new model that explains how spiders are able to 'fly' or 'parachute' into new territory on single strands of silk – sometimes covering distances of hundreds of miles over open ocean. July 13, 2006

Hopkins Scientists Show Hallucinogen In Mushrooms Creates Universal 'Mystical' Experience - Using unusually rigorous scientific conditions and measures, Johns Hopkins researchers have shown that the active agent in "sacred mushrooms" can induce mystical/spiritual experiences descriptively identical to spontaneous ones people have reported for centuries. July 12, 2006

Midgets And Giants In The Deep Sea - How is the deep sea like a desert island? It sounds like a child's riddle, but it's actually a serious scientific question with implications for both terrestrial and marine biology. July 11, 2006

Corals Switch Skeleton Material As Seawater Changes - Leopards may not be able to change their spots, but corals can change their skeletons, building them out of different minerals depending on the chemical composition of the seawater around them. July 10, 2006

Unique Mammoth Gene Made Prehistoric Hairy Creatures Blonde - Museum dioramas typically portray mammoths as having shaggy brown coats, but some of the hairy beasts might have been blonde, raven-haired or red-bodied in real life ... July 09, 2006

Tigers Get A Business Plan - The Wildlife Conservation Society has launched an ambitious new program that calls for a 50 percent increase in tiger numbers in key areas over the next decade, according to an article in this week's journal Nature. July 08, 2006

Oceanic Invasions Across Darwin's Impassable Barrier - Reef fish share genetic connections across what Darwin termed an 'impassable barrier', 5000km of deep ocean separating the eastern and central Pacific, according to a report by Smithsonian scientists in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. July 07, 2006

Birds Going Extinct Faster Due To Human Activities - Human activities have caused some 500 bird species worldwide to go extinct over the past five millennia, and 21st-century extinction rates likely will accelerate to approximately 10 additional species per year ... July 06, 2006

Brazilian Trees May Harbor Millions Of Unidentified Species Of Bacteria - The Atlantic forest of Brazil, which in the past 400 years has been reduced to less than 8 percent of its original size, could contain as many as 13 million unidentified species of bacteria, a new study has found. July 05, 2006

Biologists Solve Plant Growth Hormone Enigma - Gardeners and farmers have used the plant hormone auxin for decades, but how plants produce and distribute auxin has been a long-standing mystery. Now researchers at the University of California, San Diego have found the solution, which has valuable applications in agriculture. July 04, 2006

Jellyfish-like Creatures May Play Major Role In Fate Of Carbon Dioxide In The Ocean - Transparent jellyfish-like creatures known as salps, considered by many a low member in the ocean food web, may be more important to the fate of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide in the ocean than previously thought. July 03, 2006

Tropical Rainforest Nutrients Linked To Global Carbon Dioxide Levels - Extra amounts of key nutrients in tropical rain forest soils cause them to release more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, according to research conducted by scientists at the University of Colorado (CU) - Boulder. July 02, 2006

Studies Show That Rockfish Thrive With Offshore Platforms As Their Home Base - While some observers consider offshore oil and gas platforms to be an eyesore on the horizon, new data shows they are performing a critical function for marine life. July 01, 2006

Researchers Discover Which Organs In Antarctic Fish Produce Antifreeze - Thirty-five years ago Arthur DeVries of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign first documented antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) in Antarctic notothenioid fishes. This month three colleagues report they’ve solved the ensuing ... June 30, 2006

Better Beetle Sought For Salt Cedar Control - Beetles from Uzbekistan are more prolific salt cedar eaters than beetles from Greece. June 29, 2006

Mushrooms As Good An Antioxidant Source As More Colorful Veggies - Portabella and crimini mushrooms rank with carrots, green beans, red peppers and broccoli as good sources of dietary antioxidants, Penn State researchers say. June 28, 2006

Primates Take Weather Into Account When Searching For Fruits - New findings reported this week reveal that at least some primates can use their stored knowledge of recent weather as a tool for guiding their foraging behavior when searching for ripening fruit. June 27, 2006

World's Coral Reefs Left Vulnerable By Paper Parks - Of the 18.7% of tropical coral reefs that lie within "Marine Protected Areas," less than 2% are extended protection complete with regulations on extraction, poaching and other major threats ... June 26, 2006

How Plants Avoid Feeling The Burn - Too much sun – for plants as well as people – can be harmful to long-term health. But to avoid the botanical equivalent of "lobster tans," plants have developed an intricate internal defense mechanism ... June 25, 2006

Researchers Map Infectious Hepatitis B Virus - Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have analyzed the structure of hepatitis B virus and found that it has unique features that distinguish it from other enveloped viruses such as influenza and herpes virus. June 24, 2006

Can Biological Traits Predict Diversification Rates In Birds? - Why do some taxanomic families contain many species and others contain far fewer? There has been much debate in the scientific community over the reason for such variation, but a recent study in The American Naturalist ... June 23, 2006

Brighter Future For Giant Panda? - Scientists at Cardiff University, using a novel method to estimate population, have found that there may be many more giant pandas remaining in the wild than previously thought. June 22, 2006

Showing Off Your Weapons In The Animal kingdom - In a paper from the July issue of The American Naturalist, Kristopher Lappin, Yoni Brandt , Jerry Husak, Joe Macedonia, and Darrell Kemp, demonstrate that a threat display can provide accurate information about the performance of a weapon. June 21, 2006

Climate Scientists Spotlight Arctic Warming, Plight Of Polar Bears - A climate scientist at the University of Chicago and 30 of her colleagues from across North America and Europe are urging the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to list the polar bear as a threatened species because global warming is melting its sea-ice habitat. June 20, 2006

Apes Meticulously Plan Their Future Too - What are you going to do tomorrow? And what about the vacation? You don’t know? Shame on you. Even the monkeys can plan their future actions and time. June 19, 2006

Butterfly Speciation Event Recreated - In a matter of months, butterflies sporting the yellow and red wing color pattern of a wild species were created through simple laboratory crosses of two other wild species ... June 18, 2006

Vampire Bats recognise Their Prey's Breathing - Vampire bats, the only mammals to feed exclusively on blood, including human blood, recognize their prey by the sound of its breathing. June 17, 2006

New Lipid Molecule Holds Promise For Gene Therapy - Scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara have created a new molecule that holds promise in fighting disease via gene therapy. June 16, 2006

Arctic Expedition Will Investigate Alien-Like Glacier - A scientific expedition to a remote glacier field in Canada's High Arctic may help researchers unlock the secrets about the beginning of life and provide insights for future exploration of our solar system. June 15, 2006

New Type Of Shark Discovered In US Water - A new type of hammerhead shark has been discovered in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean, marine scientists say. June 14, 2006

Coral Death Results From Bacteria Fed By Algae - Scientists have discovered an indirect microbial mechanism whereby bacteria kill coral with the help of algae. June 13, 2006

Sensor Opens Up Study Of Crucial Molecule - MIT scientists have discovered a way to monitor a crucial molecule as it goes about its business within living cells. June 12, 2006

Rare Okapi Sighted In Eastern Congo Park - After nearly 50 years, the okapi - the closest known relative to the giraffe - has been rediscovered in Virunga National Park in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). June 11, 2006

Mice Testicles Reveal New Class Of RNAs - Time to revise biology textbooks once again: scientists have discovered a new class of small RNAs lurking in mouse testicles. June 10, 2006

Lobsters Avoid Virus By Detecting Illness In Their Own Kind - Caribbean spiny lobsters are able to detect illness in others of their kind, and employ avoidance tactics to keep their population healthy, according to a paper in this week's issue of the journal Nature. June 09, 2006

The Mini-Dinosaurs From The Harz Mountains - When unusually small dinosaur fossils were found in a quarry on the northern edge of the Harz Mountains in 1998, it was initially assumed that these were the remains of a group of young dinosaurs. June 08, 2006

Orange, Grapefruit Juice For Breakfast Builds Bones In Rats - It may sound like Saturday cartoons: a strong-boned rat that can't be broken. But a couple of Texas researchers say the real hero is citrus juice. June 07, 2006

Predatory Bacteria Could Make Antibiotics - Little-known predatory bacteria can suck out the innards of bugs that cause lethal lung infections, microbiologists have shown ... June 06, 2006

Stomach Bug Makes Food Yield More Calories - Scientists have identified a key microbe in our guts that helps us glean more calories from food. June 05, 2006

Brazil Creates Buffer Zone Around Coral Reefs Off Atlantic Coast - The Brazilian government has created an official buffer zone around the Abrolhos National Marine Park to protect the biologically richest coral reefs in the South Atlantic. June 04, 2006

Electric Fish In Africa Could Be Example Of Evolution In Action - Avoiding quicksand along the banks of the Ivindo River in Gabon, Cornell neurobiologists armed with oscilloscopes search for shapes and patterns of electricity created by fish in the water. June 03, 2006

Alarming Decline In Nepal's Rhinos And Tigers - Results released by World Wildlife Fund of the first assessment done in two years in one of Nepal's premier national parks reveal an alarming decline in tiger and rhino populations ... June 02, 2006

Scientists To Track Caspian Sea Sturgeons - Scientists working in the Ural River, Kazakhstan, have successfully attached Pop-up Archival Transmitting (PAT) tags to four sturgeons and have released the animals into the Caspian Sea... June 01, 2006

Study Finds Evolution Doesn't Always Favor Bigger Animals - The scientists found that populations of tiny crustaceans retrieved from deep-sea sediments over the past 40 million years grew bigger and evolved into larger species. May 31, 2006

Biodiversity Is In the Red - Global biodiversity loss is increasing, according to new data by the World Conservation Union (IUCN). May 30, 2006

UAB Researchers Confirm HIV-1 Originated In Wild Chimpanzees - An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), has discovered a crucial missing link in the search for the origin of HIV-1, the virus responsible for human AIDS. May 29, 2006

Water Found To Be Main Culprit In Argentine Ant Invasions - According to a study conducted by two biologists at the University of California, San Diego, Argentine ants in Southern California need wet soil to live and breed. May 28, 2006

Work Offers New Twist On Origin Of Species - The evolutionary split between humans and chimpanzees is much more recent - and more complicated - than previously thought. May 27, 2006

Enzyme Defect Leads To Hyperinsulinism - A recent study in the Journal of Biological Chemistry confirms that mutations in an enzyme called glutamate dehydrogenase can cause congenital hyperinsulinism. May 26, 2006

Ancient Plant Provides Clues to Evolutionary Mystery - The plant species, Amborella trichopoda, which first appeared on Earth 130 million years ago, has a unique reproductive structure-evidence this so-called "living fossil" ... May 25, 2006

Deep-Water Discovery - Last December, University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers using advanced sonar techniques discovered new deepwater reef sites ... May 24, 2006

Bacterium Found To Have Strange Magnetic Personality - Researchers led by an MIT graduate student have discovered a bacterium that is a magnetic misfit of sorts. May 23, 2006

Ancient Ants Arose 140-168 Million Years Ago - Ants are considerably older than previously believed, having originated 140 to 168 million years ago. May 22, 2006

Giant Deep-sea Tubeworm's Meal Ticket Comes In As A Skin Infection - Giant tubeworms found near hydrothermal ventsmore than a mile below the ocean surface do not bother to eat: lacking mouth and stomach,they stand rooted to one spot. May 21, 2006

Copying Nature Could Save Us Energy - New technologies that mimic the way insects, plants and animals overcome engineering problems could help reduce our dependence on energy... May 20, 2006

Colombian Frog Believed Extinct Found Alive - Researchers exploring a Colombian mountain range found surviving members of a species of Harlequin frog believed extinct due to a killer fungus... May 19, 2006

Cooperation Keeps Lizards' Blue Genes From Fading -Scientists have reported the first direct evidence that cooperative behavior in side-blotched male lizards arises from their genes. May 18, 2006

Female Fish Like Brightly Coloured Males -Female fish prefer brightly coloured males because they are easier to see and are in better shape ... May 17, 2006

New Gene Reduces Retinal Degeneration In Fruit Flies - Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered a gene in fruit flies that helps certain specialized neurons respond more quickly to bright light. May 16, 2006

Factor Isolated That Regenerates Nerve Fibers - Researchers at Children's Hospital Boston have discovered a naturally occurring growth factor that stimulates regeneration of injured nerve fibers in the central nervous system. May 15, 2006

Paleontologists Learn How Not To Become A Fossil - The best way to avoid becoming a fossil is to be small and live in deep, tropical waters. May 14, 2006

How Bad Is Malaria Anemia? It May Depend On Your Genes - Cell and animal studies conducted jointly by scientists at Johns Hopkins, Yale and other institutions have uncovered at least one important contributor to the severe anemia ... May 13, 2006

Record Air Pollution Above The Arctic - Last week Scientists of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research observed the highest air pollution on record since measurements began in Ny-Ålesund on Svalbard. May 12, 2006

Dolphins, Like Humans, Recognize Names - Scientists have long known that dolphins' whistling calls include repeated information thought to be their names, but ... May 12, 2006

Wasps Queue For Top Job - Scientists at University College London have discovered that even wasps are driven by their status. May 11, 2006

Women Can Detect Suitable Mates with Subconcious Radar - A glance is enough for a woman's subconscious "radar" to detect a man's suitability as a mate. May 10, 2006

World’s Fish Stocks Face New Danger - Oxygen depletion caused by agricultural run-off and pollution threaten some species with extinction. May 6, 2006

Grass That Doesn't Need Mowing - Grass that never grows but is always green... May 6, 2006

World's Deepest Dinosaur Finding - 2256 metres below the seabed. May 5, 2006

Targeted Virus Forces Cancer Cells to Eat Themselves - Engineered virus tracks down and infects cancer cells. May 5, 2006

Infants Organise Visual Information at Just Four Months - In at least three different ways. May 5, 2006

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