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Images Develop Clinical Applications For New DESI Technology - Purdue University researchers have created the first two-dimensional images of biological samples using a new mass spectrometry technique that furthers the technology's potential applications for the detection of diseases such as cancer. October 10, 2006

Obesity and Smoking: A Mortal Duo - Obesity and smoking, when combined, add up to as much as a fivefold increase in the risk of early all-cause mortality. October 9, 2006

Carbonated Cola Drinks Drop Bone Density In Women - Quaffing Coke, Pepsi, and their carbonated cola cousins, including decaf and diet versions, is associated with lower bone mineral density in older women, researchers reported. October 8, 2006

Natural Anti-viral Enzyme Helps Keep Cancer Cells Alive - A molecule that cells normally use to fight viruses is also involved in keeping cancer cells alive, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered. October 7, 2006

Why Don't All Moles Progress To Melanoma? - Everyone has moles. Most of the time, they are nothing but a cosmetic nuisance. But sometimes pigment-producing cells in moles called melanocytes start dividing abnormally to form a deadly form of skin cancer called melanoma. October 6, 2006

New Treatment For Severe Malaria - The most dangerous form of malaria is difficult to treat and claims two million lives a year. Now, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed a powerful new weapon against the disease. October 5, 2006

Study Offers New Clues To Brain-Stomach Interaction In Overeating - Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have found new clues to how the brain and the stomach interact with emotions to cause overeating and obesity. October 4, 2006

Researchers Demonstrate How White Blood Cells Cannibalize Virus-Infected Cells - Researchers at the Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute (VGTI) at Oregon Health & Science University have demonstrated how certain white blood cells literally eat virus-infected cells while fighting disease at the microscopic level. October 3, 2006

Cancer Drug May Be Remedy For Rheumatoid Arthritis, Study Finds - The potent cancer drug Gleevec, used to combat leukemia and some gastrointestinal cancers, may be useful in treating rheumatoid arthritis, according to a team of researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. October 2, 2006

Mercury Compound Found In Fish Damages Pancreatic Cells - Researchers in Taiwan say they have established for the first time that the mercury compound present as a contaminant in some seafood can damage insulin-producing cells in the pancreas ... October 1, 2006

Bacterial Protein Shows Promise In Treating Intestinal Parasites - Scientists at the University of California, San Diego and Yale University have discovered that a natural protein produced by Bacillus thuringiensis, a bacterium sprayed on crops by organic farmers to reduce insect damage ... September 30, 2006

Living Close To Heavy Industry May Increase Risk Of Lung Cancer - Living close to heavy industry may increase the risk of developing lung cancer, although the effect is relatively modest, suggests research published ahead of print in Thorax. September 29, 2006

Lymph Node Test Helps Fight Melanoma - Using so-called "sentinel node" biopsies to determine if melanoma has started to spread saves some patients the pain of having all their lymph nodes removed. September 28, 2006

Jumping Gene Could Provide Non-viral Alternative For Gene Therapy - A jumping gene first identified in a cabbage-eating moth may one day provide a safer, target-specific alternative to viruses for gene therapy, researchers say. September 27, 2006

Prenatal Vitamins May Reduce Risk Of Brain Tumors In Children - Women who take multivitamins early in pregnancy may reduce the risk that their child will develop some types of brain tumors. September 26, 2006

Researchers Reveal How Nitric Oxide Helps Pregnant Women With Hypertension - Nitric oxide (NO) is best known as an air pollutant produced by vehicle emissions and power plants but for pregnant women it is a crucial compound required to avoid hypertension and pre-eclampsia. September 25, 2006

Researcher Lights The Way To Better Drug Delivery - A Purdue University researcher has explained for the first time the details of how drugs are released within a cancer cell, improving the ability to deliver drugs to a specific target without affecting surrounding cells. September 24, 2006

Outpatient Thyroid Surgery Safe For Most Patients, Study Shows - Outpatient thyroid surgery appears to be safe for the majority of patients, according to a study following 91 patients at two hospitals. September 23, 2006

Smokers May Be At Greater Risk Of HIV Infection - Smokers may be at greater risk of HIV infection than non-smokers, reveals an analysis of published research issued ahead of print in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. September 22, 2006

Fatty Fish Protects Against Cancer - If you want to avoid cancer of the kidneys, a new major study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows that eating salmon or other kinds of fatty fish a few times a month would be one good way to go about it. September 21, 2006

Cardiologist's 'Living Chip' Changes Science Of Disease Monitoring - For patients living with heart failure and other health conditions, blood draws and diagnostic tests are commonplace in order to evaluate their condition. Often, though, chemical or physiologic changes silently cause damage that is not detected until much later. September 20, 2006

A Public Health Lesson From 9/11: To Curb The Flu, Limit Flights - A detailed analysis of influenza patterns indicates that the sharp dip in air travel after September 11, 2001 slowed flu spread and delayed the onset of the 2001-2002 U.S. flu season, report researchers at Children's Hospital Boston. September 19, 2006

Artificial Cornea Is In Sight, Thanks To Biomimetic Hydrogels - If eyes are "the windows of the soul," corneas are the panes in those windows. They shield the eye from dust and germs. They also act as the eye's outermost lens, contributing up to 75 percent of the eye's focusing power. September 18, 2006

Alcohol Use Helps Boost Income - People who consume alcohol earn significantly more at their jobs than non-drinkers, according to a US study published Thursday that highlighted "social capital" gained from drinking. September 17, 2006

Test Can Predict Spread Of Eye Cancer To Liver - Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed a method to predict whether melanoma of the eye will spread to the liver, where it quickly turns deadly. September 16, 2006

If I Only Had A Nano-Heart - Mice induced to have heart attacks or given other wounds have quickly made a full recovery, thanks to a little help from nanotechnology. If the new results translate to humans, they could someday offer hope to millions of victims of heart attacks and other major injuries. September 15, 2006

Study Suggests How Steroid Can Reverse Post-Traumatic Stress - Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center, working with mice, have shown how the body's own natural stress hormone can help lastingly decrease the fearful response associated with reliving a traumatic memory. September 14, 2006

Vitamin D May Cut Pancreatic Cancer Risk By Nearly Half - Consumption of Vitamin D tablets was found to cut the risk of pancreatic cancer nearly in half, according to a study led by researchers at Northwestern and Harvard universities. September 13, 2006

Drug Can Quickly Mobilize An Army Of Cells To Repair Injury - To speed healing at sites of injury - such as heart muscle after a heart attack or brain tissue after a stroke - doctors would like to be able to hasten the formation of new blood vessels. September 12, 2006

Study Of Twins Finds Genetic Link To Fatigue - Unexplained disabling fatigue in childhood is mainly due to genetic inheritance, a study of twins has revealed. September 11, 2006

Sex And The Heart: It's Not What You Think - A surprising new study finds that women in their 60s have as many risk factors for heart disease as men, and by their 70s have more, according to research led by demographers at the University of Southern California. September 10, 2006

Reconstructive Surgeon Aims For Rejection-Free Limb Transplantation - Years ago, the idea of attaching a donor limb onto a patient's body would have been the stuff of science fiction. But to date about two-dozen people around the world have received hand transplants. September 09, 2006

Carbon Monoxide May Help Prevent Debilitating Pregnancy Condition - New findings by Queen's University researchers suggest that administering low doses of carbon monoxide to pregnant women may help prevent the potentially damaging effects to mother and baby of pre-eclampsia. September 08, 2006

Ultrasound Delivers Therapeutic Molecules Into Living Cells - Researchers have shown how ultrasound energy can briefly “open a door” in the protective outer membranes of living cells to allow entry of drugs and other therapeutic molecules – and how the cells themselves can then quickly close the door. September 07, 2006

FDA Approves First Totally Implanted Permanent Artificial Heart For Humanitarian Uses - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first totally implanted artificial heart for patients with advanced heart failure ... September 06, 2006

Low Vitamin E Intake During Pregnancy Can Lead To Childhood Asthma - Children whose mothers had a low intake of vitamin E during pregnancy are more likely to develop wheezing and asthma by age five. September 05, 2006

Teen Researcher Seeks A Better Way To Treat Tuberculosis - While still a senior in high school, a Baltimore teenager toiled 10 hours a week in a Johns Hopkins University engineering lab, helping to develop a new drug delivery system that could someday reduce tuberculosis deaths in impoverished nations. September 04, 2006

Obesity In Men Linked To Infertility - Men with increased body mass index (BMI) were significantly more likely to be infertile than normal-weight men, according to research conducted at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), one of the National Institutes of Health. September 03, 2006

Side Effects May Sideline New Osteoporosis Drugs - Experimental osteoporosis drugs called estrens do not perform as well as researchers had hoped, new animal studies suggest. September 02, 2006

Waterborne Infectious Diseases Could Soon Be Consigned To History - Waterborne infectious diseases, which bring death and illness to millions of people around the world, could largely be consigned to history by 2015 if global health partnerships integrate their programmes. September 01, 2006

New Device May Improve Vision And Mobility For People With Tunnel Vision - Scientists at Schepens Eye Research Institute, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, say a visual aid they invented promises to improve the visual abilities of people with tunnel vision. August 31, 2006

Decrease In Progression Of Prostate Cancer With Plant-based Diet And Stress Reduction - One out of six American men will develop prostate cancer at some point in their life, and more than a third of them will experience a recurrence after undergoing treatment, putting them at high risk to die of the disease. August 30, 2006

Proton Treatment Could Replace X-Ray Use In Radiation Therapy - Scientists at MIT, collaborating with an industrial team, are creating a proton-shooting system that could revolutionize radiation therapy for cancer. August 29, 2006

Toxic Molecule May Cause Most Common Type Of Muscular Dystrophy - Doctors at the University of Virginia Health System have shown for the first time that getting rid of poisonous RNA (ribonucleic acid) in muscle cells can reverse myotonic dystrophy ... August 28, 2006

Gene Variants Reveal Susceptibility To Cardiovascular Disease - Variations in a gene that acts as a switch to turn on other genes may predispose individuals to heart disease, an international team of researchers led by Duke University Medical Center scientists has discovered. August 27, 2006

Study Aims To Identify Schizophrenics At Risk For Type 2 Diabetes - Dissecting the relationship between schizophrenia and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes has physician-scientists reaching across the Atlantic Ocean. August 26, 2006

Obesity Begins In The Womb - The obesity epidemic in the United States has spread to include children under 6 years old and particularly infants, according to a Harvard study. August 25, 2006

Research Points To 'Addictive' Protein In Treating Breast Cancer - William Kinlaw, an associate professor of medicine at Dartmouth Medical School, has been working on a protein called S14 since 1990. Over the past few months, however, the news about S14 has picked up. August 24, 2006

Montreal Researchers Make Strategic Breakthrough In Controlling AIDS Virus - A team of researchers from the Université de Montréal and the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM) have announced an important breakthrough in fighting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). August 23, 2006

Premature Births Linked To Gene Variant - African-American women are two to three times as likely to give birth prematurely as women of European origin. August 22, 2006

Researchers Devise New Tools To Help Pinpoint Treatments For Heart Failure - Scientists studying heart cells have devised a new way to visualize and quantify the rise and fall in the activity of a key enzyme linked to heart failure, offering them a window to the inner workings of heart cells ... August 21, 2006

Researchers Discover How Acid Reflux Leads To Esophageal Cancer - A particular enzyme is significantly higher in cancer cells that have been exposed to acid, leading to the overproduction of hydrogen peroxide, and offering a possible explanation for how acid reflux may lead to cancer of the esophagus. August 20, 2006

Global Study Shows All Tobacco Bad For The Heart - A major Canadian-led global study has found all forms of tobacco exposure, whether that be smoking, chewing or inhaling second hand smoke, increase the risk of heart attack. August 19, 2006

Strokes Will Cost U.S. $2.2 Trillion By 2050 If Prevention, Treatment Don't Improve - Unless Americans do more to lower their risk of stroke and improve stroke care, the nation will pay $2.2 trillion over the next 45 years to care for people who suffer. August 18, 2006

Study Shows How Secondhand Smoke Injures Babies' Lungs - UC Davis researchers described in unprecedented biochemical and anatomical detail how cigarette smoke damages the lungs of unborn and newborn children. August 17, 2006

People With Depression Benefit More From Marriage Than Others - Depressed singles receive greater psychological benefits from getting married than those who are not depressed, new research shows. August 16, 2006

Breast Cancer Patients Should Monitor Heart Risks - Heart problems remain a real but largely manageable problem for women undergoing different treatments for breast cancer. August 15, 2006

Digital Surgery With Touch Feedback Could Improve Medical Training - Combining the sense of touch with 3-D computer models of organs, researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are developing a new approach to training surgeons, much as pilots learn to fly on flight simulators. August 14, 2006

High Blood Pressure Induces Low Fat Metabolism In Heart Muscle - "The heart is the single most energy-consuming organ per weight in the body," says Lisa de las Fuentes, M.D. August 13, 2006

Chemists' Study Of Protein May Provide Insights Into Heart Disease And Cancer - UCLA chemists studying a protein associated with a rare genetic disease may also be gaining insights into cancer and heart disease. August 12, 2006

Never Marrieds Run Highest Risk Of Early Death - The findings are based on national census and death certification data, involving almost 67,000 adults in the USA between 1989 and 1997. August 11, 2006

Researchers Find 'Secret Weapon' Used By SARS Virus - In 2003, the highly contagious and often-deadly mystery disease now called SARS emerged explosively out of Southern China. August 10, 2006

Study Shows Escalators As Source Of Injury To Children - Approximately 2,000 children are treated in United States hospital emergency rooms annually for escalator-related injuries. August 09, 2006

Shopping Carts Are Dangerous For Children - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is advising parents not to place children in shopping carts until they are redesigned and made safer for children. August 08, 2006

Scoliosis Not Just A Problem For The Elderly - Its common name is curvature of the spine, and you most often see it in its most dramatic, debilitating form - the elderly, hunched over, grasping walkers or canes as they struggle to walk just a few yards. August 07, 2006

High Blood Pressure Induces Low Fat Metabolism In Heart Muscle - "The heart is the single most energy-consuming organ per weight in the body," says Lisa de las Fuentes, M.D. August 06, 2006

Single Sugar Found Responsible For An Antibody's Ability To Treat Inflammation - For years, researchers have struggled to understand how IVIG worked. It's ability to treat autoimmune diseases seemed to bean apparent contradiction. August 05, 2006

Links Between DNA Damage And Breast Cancer Studied - Researchers have uncovered a pattern of DNA damage in connective tissues in the human breast that could shed light on the early stages of breast cancer and possibly serve as an early warning of a heightened risk of cancer. August 04, 2006

Trading Cuts For Clicks: New Software Performs 'Virtual Surgery' - A new software tool developed by computer scientists at Brigham Young University will allow surgeons to instantly visualize any part of a patient's anatomy by extracting a 3-D computer image from an MRI ... August 03, 2006

Obesity Surgery Likely to Involve Complications - While obesity surgery is helping thousands of Americans lose weight and avoid the risk of diabetes and other life-threatening diseases, the study shows that these gains can come at a high cost, both physical and financial. August 02, 2006

Carefully Mixed Radiation Cocktail Reduces Breast Cancer Treatment's Collateral Damage To Skin - A carefully determined mixture of electron and x-ray beams precisely treated breast tumors while significantly reducing collateral skin damage in 78 patients ... August 01, 2006

In-Home Sensors Spot Dementia Signs In Elderly - An Oregon Health & Science University study shows motion and door sensors placed in elders' homes can help track activity patterns thought to relate to memory changes that are early signs of dementia. July 31, 2006

Pigeons Provide Clue To Solving Common Problem In Heart Patients - Through studying pigeons with genetic heart disease, researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine have discovered a clue about why some patients' heart vessels are prone to close back up after angioplasty. July 30, 2006

Building A Better Beam - Radiation is heavy artillery against tumors: It can obliterate cancerous cells, but nearby tissue often suffers collateral damage. Now, a group of researchers has developed a new technique that helps calculate the path the radiation takes, potentially enabling oncologists to ... July 29, 2006

New MRI Technique Quickly Builds 3-D Images Of Knees - A faster magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data-acquisition technique will cut the time many patients spend in a cramped magnetic resonance scanner, yet deliver more precise 3-D images of their bodies. July 28, 2006

How Can Identical Twins Be Genetically Different - They sleep together, eat together, and most people find it impossible to tell them apart. Identical twins who grow up together share just about everything, including their genes. July 27, 2006

Gene Breakthrough Heralds Better Prospect For Malaria Solution - Scientists have made a major breakthrough in understanding the genetics of the insect parasite that is being targeted by researchers as a way of preventing the spread of malaria. July 26, 2006

Tamoxifen For Breast Cancer Prevention Does Not Benefit Most Women - Most women at high risk for breast cancer do not increase their life expectancy by taking the drug tamoxifen, according to a new analysis by researchers from UC Davis, UCSF, the University of Pittsburgh and McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. July 25, 2006

Bubbles Go High-tech To Fight Tumors - Bubbles: You’ve bathed in them, popped them, endured bad song lyrics about them. Now, University of Michigan researchers hope to add a more sophisticated application to the list-gas bubbles used like corks to block oxygen flow to tumors, or to deliver drugs. July 24, 2006

Antibiotics Not Warranted For Runny Noses - Countering common practice, a new study suggests that doctors not prescribe antibiotics to help combat runny noses with colored discharge. July 23, 2006

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